Establishing s.p. in Slovenia

S.p. / Private Entrepreneur / Sole Proprietor / Sole Trader is commonly known as self-employed person, who conducts a certain profitable activity without forming a separate legal business entity. What are main steps for establishing s.p. in Slovenia?
establishing sp in slovenia

The of the most common forms of businesses in Slovenia are:

  1. Private Entrepreneur / Sole Proprietor / Sole Trader (“samostojni podjetnik – s.p.”) and
  2. Limited Liability Company (“družba z omejeno odgovornostjo – d.o.o.”).

Registration of s.p. in Slovenia / Establishing s.p. in Slovenia

Registration of s.p. in Slovenia (establishing s.p. in Slovenia) is free, fast and simple. Normally it won’t take more than 1 – 2 business days.

A person can register s.p. by herself through eVEM web application, for which a web digital certificate is needed, or through one of the VEM offices in Slovenia (»VEM točke«), for which personal presence is needed.

For registration of s.p. you will need:

  • Valid Personal Document (ID or Passport),
  • Slovenian Tax Number (»davčna številka«),
  • Unique Master Citizen Number (»EMŠO številka«),
  • Permanent or Temporary Address in Slovenia (»stalni ali začasni naslov«),
  • Business Address in Slovenia (»poslovni naslov«): If you are planning to establish a business in Slovenia and are looking for Business Address in Slovenia, virtual office in Ljubljana is your best solution.

IMPORTANT FOR NON-EU NATIONALS:

In accordance with The Employment, Self-Employment and Work of Aliens Act any foreigner can register s.p. without becoming a subject to a special status check at the time of registration. Because no special permissions are needed for the registration process itself, it is often believed that foreigners in Slovenia can self-employ without the prior approval of the relevant work permit.

Of course, this is not true. It should be noted that the formal registration of s.p. does not mean self-employment. Self-employment process can only be concluded by joining compulsory social insurance, for which, in accordance with The Employment, Self-Employment and Work of Aliens, it is necessary to obtain work permit.

Therefore, for concluding self-employment, non-EU nationals will also need:

  • Work Permit (»delovno dovoljenje«), for example: Single Residence and Work Permit for Self-Employment or EU Blue Card.

This document can be obtained at any Administrative Unit in Slovenia and will be needed for joining compulsory social insurance at The Health Insurance Institute of Slovenia (ZZZS or »Zavod za zdravstveno zavarovanje Slovenije«).

Three steps for concluding self-employment

Through eVEM web application or through VEM office three different applications will have to be implemented for successful self-employment:

  1. the application to the Slovenian Business Register (“Vloga za vpis samostojnega podjetnika”)
  2. the application to the Tax Administration of the Republic of Slovenia (“Oddaja davčnih podatkov za samostojnega podjetnika”)
  3. the application to the compulsory social insurance (“Prijava v obvezna socialna zavarovanja: M-1”)

We suggest that all three processes are done at the same time, although the application to the Tax Administration and to The Health Insurance Institute of Slovenia can be done up to 8 days after establishment of s.p.

One day after chosen day of registration of s.p. you will receive a document with response information about their registration application. Registration application can be confirmed, denied or will require completion. Document is usually sent through post, but it can also be sent through e-mail (note that this is possible only if a person has acquired secure electronic mailbox).

Document about confirmed establishment of s.p. (“Sklep o vpisu v Poslovni register Slovenije”) will look like this:

confirmation of s.p. - example

What is required to do after establishing s.p.?

a.) Opening Bank Account

After you receive a document about confirmed establishment of s.p. (“Sklep o vpisu v Poslovni register Slovenije”) you will need to go to the Bank to acquire business bank account. You have two options:

  • you can open new business account,
  • you can change your personal bank account (type A) into business account (type T) (* Please note that not all Banks allow that)

b.) Permits and conditions to perform certain activities

Some business activities will require that you obtain special permits and meet certain conditions. Make sure that you have all required permits and that you meet all certain conditions before you start working on these activities by looking at the conditions here.

c.) Safety and health at work

Ensure health and safety at work by carrying out a risk assessment and documenting it in a safety statement.

If you need more information or help with establishing s.p. in Slovenia you can contact us: 00 386 31 857 940, info@mp.si.

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If you need more information you can contact us:

  • 00 386 31 857 940
  • info@mp.si